The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mexican President Carlos Salinas and U.S. President George H.W. Bush, came into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA has created economic growth and a rising standard of living for the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules and procedures across the continent, Nafta has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity. NAFTA replaced Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA). Negotiations on CUFTA began in 1986 and the agreement entered into force on 1 January 1989. The two nations agreed on a landmark agreement that put Canada and the United States at the forefront of trade liberalization. For more information, visit the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement information page. The free trade agreement met with far less opposition in the United States.
Polls showed that up to 40% of Americans did not know that the agreement had been signed. The agreement law was submitted to Congress for “rapid” adoption by President Reagan on July 26, 1988, meaning that it could be accepted or rejected, but could not be amended. The United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Act of 1988 passed the House of Representatives by yes Nay: 366-40, passed in the House of Representatives on August 9, 1988, and voted in the Senate by yes Nay. 83-9, September 19, 1988.  The Act was signed by the President on September 28, 1988 and was named Public Law No. 100-449.  The main provisions of NAFTA called for a gradual reduction in tariffs, tariffs and other barriers to trade between the three Member States, with some tariffs to be abolished immediately and others over a 15-year period. The agreement guaranteed duty-free access for a wide range of industrial products and goods traded between the signatories.
“Domestic goods” have been granted to products imported from other NAFTA countries and prohibit all governments, local or provincial, from imposing taxes or tariffs on these products. In 1994, the United States, Mexico and Canada, with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), created the world`s largest free trade region, which generated economic growth and helped improve the living standards of the people of the three member countries.